Tinnitus is the perception of sound within the human ear. Tinnitus comes from the Latin word meaning"ringing".
Tinnitus is not a disease. It can result from a wide range of causes like ear infections, foreign object in the ear, wax buildup, exposure to loud sounds, nasal allergies that prevent fluid to drain, and neurological damage, like MS (multiple sclerosis). Other causes such as head trauma and whiplash, large doses of ototoxic drugs such as aspirin. Withdrawal from medications such as benzodiazepines may cause tinnitus as well. There are over 200 medications that have tinnitus as a potential side effect. Also in-ear earphones, the sound enters into the ear canal so the sound can't be deflected or absorbed elsewhere. The common cause is when the volume is set beyond moderate levels.
Tinnitus is described as a ringing noise, but in some people it take the form of a high pitched electric buzzing, hissing, humming, tinging or whistling sound. Most people with tinnitus have some form of hearing loss.
Tinnitus can be mild in the day but more noticeable in quiet rooms or at bedtime, sometimes being so loud that it's all the person may hear.
Avoiding Possible Irritants
Tinnitus can be aggravated in many ways; nicotine and caffeine constricts the blood vessels which increases the speed of blood flow through the brains and arteries. Alcohol increases the force of blood by dilating the blood vessels which causes greater blood flow especially in the inner ear area.
Coping with Tinnitus and Tinnitus Habituation Therapy
Tinnitus may improve with time. Damage to the auditory system is typically permanent and irreversible. People with tinnitus learn to make adjustment to lessen the symptoms. In a quiet setting such as a bedroom at nigh, the use of a "noise generator",may be beneficial. Noise generation creates a soothing surf, waterfall or rainfall sound. Noise generators are recommended for "Tinnitus Habituation Therapy".
When the tinnitus is accompanied by hearing loss, hearing aids are an effective way to deal with tinnitus. The hearing aids amplify other sounds which draws attention away from the tinnitus. Hearing aids are used in "Tinnitus Habituation Therapy".
Stress can exacerbate tinnitus levels. Stress management techniques can provide relief. Deep breathing, biofeedback, systematic relaxation, therapeutic massage, yoga and exercise such as swimming or walking can reduce tension, stimulate endorphins and make for a better sleep.
Sinusitis is a inflammation of the tissue lining the sinuses. Sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs like bacteria,viruses and fungi can grow and cause infection. Some of the primary symptoms of acute sinusitis includes, facial pressure and pain, nasal stuffiness, nasal discharge, loss of smell, cough and congestion, fever, bad breath, fatigue, dental pain and the presence of thick green or yellow discharge.
Treatment for sinusitis depends on the severity. If you have a simple sinus infection your doctor may recommend decongestants and steam inhalations. Decongestants and nasal drops or sprays should never be used beyond their recommended usage, usually four to five days, otherwise an adverse effect such as nasal rebound may occur.
Many cases of sinusitis are caused by viruses so antibiotics are not needed. However, if symptoms don't resolve in ten days, amoxicillin is a reasonable antibiotic to use first for treatment.